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Malaysian Oil Palm Genome Programme (MyOPGP)
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Introduction

The goal of the Malaysian Oil Palm Genome Programme (MyOPGP) is to produce a draft sequence of the oil palm genome. The sequence will provide a deeper understanding of the genome architecture and become a resource for biomarker discovery and development of diagnostic tools. The programme was first initiated in 2004 to selectively sequence the hypomethylated regions of the genome, and was subsequently expanded to the whole genome, facilitated by advancements in sequencing technologies and bioinformatics.

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Three oil palm genomes, the dura and pisifera fruit forms of E. guineensis, and E. oleifera were sequenced, assembled and annotated. The E. guineensis (pisifera) and E. oleifera genomes were de novo assembled and represent reference sequences. About 93-fold coverage of the genomes was achieved using a combination of new sequencing technologies, namely Roche 454 and Illumina. The transcriptome and epigenome of oil palm were also deciphered.

MyOPGP data has facilitated the development of important genomic platforms, such as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), oligo and methylation arrays. These platforms are being leveraged on to improve efficiency of oil palm breeding and tissue culture.

Objectives

The objectives of the programme are:
1 To obtain a gold standard reference of the oil palm (E. guineensis and
E. oleifera) genome
2 To identify markers and genes/promoters of interest associated with important agronomic traits
3 To use the genome information to develop disease resistant palms with enhanced productivity
4 To develop value-added products

Highlights

In silico characterization and expression profiling of the diacylglycerol acyltransferase gene family (DGAT1, DGAT2, DGAT3 and WS/DGAT) from oil palm, Elaeis guineensis
Rozana Rosli, Pek-Lan Chan, Kuang-Lim, Chan, Nadzirah Amiruddin, Eng-Ti Leslie Low, Rajinder Singh, John L Harwood, Denis J Murphy
Published online: 26 July 2018 Read this ..

PalmXplore: oil palm gene database
Nik Shazana Binti Nik Mohd Sanusi; Rozana Rosli; Mohd Amin Ab Halim; Kuang-Lim Chan; Nagappan Jayanthi; Norazah Azizi; Nadzirah Amiruddin; Tatiana V. Tatarinova and Eng-Ti Leslie Low
Published online: 18 September 2018 Read this ..

Comparative genomic and transcriptomic analysis of selected fatty acid biosynthesis genes and CNL disease resistance genes in oil palm
Rozana Rosli, Nadzirah Amiruddin, Mohd Amin Ab Halim, Pek-Lan Chan, Kuang-Lim Chan, Norazah Azizi, Priscilla E. Morris, Eng-Ti Leslie Low, Meilina Ong-Abdullah, Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi, Rajinder Singh, Denis J. Murphy
Published online: 19 April 2018 Read this ..